Thursday, March 2, 2017

Team Plasma Analysis

Ghetsis
(3/1/2017) --- Probably one of the most interesting aspects about this specific villainous team in Pokemon is that they embrace certain components of our own organized crime, in a certain way the villainous teams are mere caricatures of their real counterparts; but, an exception to the rule is Team Plasma (Bulbapedia - Team Plasma).

Why Team Plasma? They utilize persuasion to attract more followers, much as religion in the real world.Team Plasma uses proselytism in order to convert and bring more people to their cult as it was seen when the player first met them in Accumula Town, where Ghetsis the mastermind of the entire operation, was holding a rally in order to bring more followers by preaching Pokemon belong in the wild and shouldn't be used as humans as they are sacred.

It is an appeal to the emotions of the people, as essentially Ghetsis through the game offers some form of redemption that could be attributed to the person named mononymously as N, which he represents some form of a messiah that tries to liberate the Pokemons from the human oppression but also offer the promises of a safe heaven for humans and Pokemons, albeit in separate spaces because the ultimate promise of salvation wasn't for the humans.

The metaphysical implications that can be seen around Pokemon Black & White, same in the sequel of the games. Which there is a theosophical debates towards if the nature as a sacred gift should be violated by humans in order to fulfill their purpose of technology? And how there can be a heaven for Pokemons and humans and if they can co-exist as if they contain a soul and an essence that is worthy of salvation.

Accumula Town
Salvation seems to be placed on the core of Team Plasma's vision towards the world within the games, that they create a cosmological vision that seem to be heavily inspired in the Catholic Church to bring adepts. Salvation in order of deeds that are related to the church vision but also to give something to the church in order to be accepted and gain the reward of ascension to a higher plane of existence.

Religion as a component is seen towards different Pokemon games, probably during the first six generations it was quite subtle with the exception of Team Plasma, as generation VII there are references of adoration towards the Tapu's and being referred as deities who protect the islands.

In Black and White, the implications that Plasma as the antagonistic team uses a religious structure to manipulate the events around them. It can be a perfectly well made strategy to position the team dominance and resource, because the team is appealing to the peoples' emotions and beliefs and that can be effective than using strength or violence opposed to any other syndicate.

Team Rocket 
Team Rocket probably being the most iconic gang within the game franchise, mostly due being the main group of villains that has been used on every single series of the television show; has a different approach than any other of the gangs, in which they use Pokemons for experimentation, reselling and towards their personal uses even without caring that the Pokemons would die.

Yet, the ultimate goal of each team is to dominate the world through violence or through creating a corporate paradise as it was with the Aether Foundation; but, the emotional aspect that comes with Team Plasma is rarely found in any other of the villains because they do not place a cult and adoration status to on the same level that it was found in Plasma and the Gospel spread by N.

The hierarchy of Team Plasma is incredibly similar to the Catholic Church, where there is a Patriarch, The Seven Sages that can be similar seen to Cardinals, Anthea and Concordia being nuns, Colress being represented as a Diocesan Bishop due to his ability to interact with different regions and bring more parishioners to the cause; yet, the role of Colress could be more macabre as he could be part of a wider organization that the main goal is create an economical power on the Pokemon World.

Maybe the different teams such as Rocket, Plasma, Magma, Aqua, Flare, Skull, just to name a few are part of a shadow operative that interlocks with each other in order to subdue the local governments in order to bring probably a new world order.

References

  1. http://bulbapedia.bulbagarden.net/wiki/Team_Plasma
  2. http://bulbapedia.bulbagarden.net/wiki/N
  3. http://bulbapedia.bulbagarden.net/wiki/Guardian_deities
  4. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hierarchy_of_the_Catholic_Church#Archbishops

Saturday, January 21, 2017

Spirituality in Pokemon Sun & Moon Part One

Tapu Koko
(1/15/2017) --- One amazing aspect about Pokemon Sun and Moon (Homepage) is that for the first time, the franchise actually has an open integration towards religion and spirituality, not only towards the game canon but also in a juxtaposition of the real world as there is an inclusion towards the Kahunas (Moke,2001) beyond their role as being the new Gym Leaders within the game.

As within every generation, there has been a set of legendary Pokemon's that focus on the protection of the land or are part of the myth and lore; yet the only set who seems to interact directly with the human world and select representatives or Kahunas are the Guardian Deities (Bulbapedia - Guardian Deities)

The Tapu's are the closest interpretation towards the Hawaiian Gods, specifically Kane, Ku, Lono &  Kanaloa as each of the guardians of Alola represent (albeit in cartoonish quality of the Hawaiian Gods) in certain way each of the main Gods attribute towards the myth's they represent.

What is interesting it's that in this world, people are polytheistic, and they seem to be based on a Shintoistic (Wikipedia - Shinto) point of view towards respect of the nature and all living creatures; but there is a mix between the different regions as there seem to be a distant connection with some other religions such as Christianity which there seem a reflection of the imagery on Team Plasma's uniforms.

Team Plasma First Uniforms
Team Plasma (Bulbapedia - Team Plasma) is probably the only team that take some elements of Medieval Christianity (Wikipedia - Middle Ages) in which the group hierarchy) To give a proper explanation the administrators of the team are Seven Sages or Seven Wise Men with one of them acting as the internal leader.

The imagery goes even to the point where the grunts are dressed as knights or crusades and the administrators act as if they were priests; they tend to act as if they were on a holy mission to protect their beliefs that they wouldn't care risking their own lives if their message is sent.

The Seven Sages played with the mass perceptions about humanity destroying the habitar of the Pokemon and trying to preach a gospel of unity in where there should be a paradise for Pokemon and that their King (N); but as always they were promoting the idea to be subservient to the Dragon Gods that once shaped the Earth.

The different regions seem to be bear a resemblance on what Earth was, but on how the difference forms of creed evolved to adapt them to the common aspects that are found in the nature of the world. Then we can go back to the Alola region, which vastly differs from the previous ones as the real world influence can be seen towards the deities they worship on the region and how these deities and their Kahunas (Bulbapedia - Kahunas) play a significant role on the socio-economical lives of the different islands.

Kahuna Hala
Much as their counterparts in the real world (Wikipedia - Kahuna) in which each of them is a wise individual or an expert in any profession that serves the archipelago and the people that lives in. As a side note, the Kahunas act as the liaison between the humans and the deities, but in reward they are "blessed" to use the power of the Tapus' if there is a menace on their regions.

There is a similarity between them being chosen by the Gods and how some contemporary religions use the so called prophets in order to spread the message of God on Earth; we can see the Kahunas as some form of prophets in the new world, in which they are mostly revered as saints who are bestowed some holy powers and knowledge.


References:

  • http://www.pokemon-sunmoon.com/en-au/
  • Kupihea, Moke: Kahuna of Light -The World of Hawaiian Spirituality, 2001, Inner Traditions International, ISBN 0-89281-756-9
  • http://bulbapedia.bulbagarden.net/wiki/Guardian_deities
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shinto
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kahuna

Tuesday, January 10, 2017

Politics and Economics in the Pokemon World - Part Two

Professor Oak
(1/11/2017) --- Playing for many years, almost 2 decades of playing Pokemon, players can see an evolution towards the game as well some of the backstory that mostly the game story-line is set on a post-apocalyptic world. We can see that on the first sixth generations there weren't many adults and much of the towns were underdeveloped, there were many orphans and widows and essentially society was being reconstructed.

The seventh generation (Bulbapedia - Seventh Generation), shows a different world in which a rise of humanity has overcome decades of oblivion and people seem to be rising again from the destruction. Alola (Bulbapedia - Alola) focus on a society that is striving economically as well socially, people are visiting different places of the archipelago as well around the world.

Albeit in Alola we get a more detailed orientation about the role of the Pokemon Professors, on Generation I the players can get obtain a detailed idea about the role they play on the society that collapsed. Professor Oak, could be the most prominent of the scholars that surround the society who live among the Pokemon's.

The role of a Pokemon Professor goes beyond giving the starter Pokemon's to the player, it is a socio political role much keen to being a governor and it plays an impact on the development of the region. To understand more commonly the role, we can take a look on Professor Oak himself as well the impact he had between Johto and Kanto but as well around the globe.

To understand Professor Oak we have to see him as a successful tactician and politician, besides his interest of relationship between humans and Pokemon's. He essentially organized two regions to share one common league or the Indigo Plateau, became a role model to Professor Elm (Bulbapedia - Professor Elm) who became the regent figure on the Shinnoh region. Why Professor Oak is such an important figure towards being some form of a celebrity within the Pokemon universe? Because he was one of the ones who placed an end to the war that separated Kanto and Johto but organized other professors to become the regents of their respective regions and the formation of their respective leagues.

Kanto

Essentially what Oak can be seen is, as the founder of a technocracy (Wikipedia - Technocracy) that gained momentum and influence around the world. There are no career politicians around the different regions, and there are no other influences towards the economical and educational development of the population with the exception of individuals who are dedicated to technological progress as well some corporations around the world.

The world of Pokemon faces on an economical perspective a capitalistic problem, as the regions are oriented towards consumers and company relations towards spending; but, it gives a debacle between physical efficiency and cost of technology.

There is an inflation around, products are on an extremely high price and the radius of the population versus income is despair for individuals to go and purchase technology that would let them travel around the world, at least on the first generation games; still, even towards the seventh generation there are hints that no many people can afford traveling or even going on a journey to compete against gyms and or trials in the Alola region.

We still have to consider that if it wasn't for the technocratic movement that governs each region, there wouldn't be any economical developments and technological advancements on the regions; even on the Generation VII games we can see some developments that we will be talking on an upcoming entry.

Kukui
On the Sun & Moon games, the players can see with more detail the actual role of the professors and what is the influence they take on each region. What it was mentioned earlier, the professors act as governors and leaders of opinions, they essentially influence the structure of a region and how the nation would be politically organized even on how the trials would take place.

It is interesting to see how can one person, is essentially in direct charge of many aspects that surrounds a cultural group but also on how they can promote their region for better. Kukui opposite to other scholars from previous generations is more of a showman, besides being dedicated to his research in move sets, he organized the Alola Pokemon League and acted as the first Champion, while being a public figure on the Pokemon Royal Battles (Bulbapedia - Pokemon Battle Royal) and keeping a relationship with his wife Professor Burnet.

From a timeline perspective, we can interpret that the Alola region was the last region to fully developed socially and economically as it was independent located from the Kanto main land, which probably the Alola region politically speaking is on a separated continent from the previous generations which led a delay of having a league of their own.

Kukui can be seen also as the man who opened the economical relationships further between the region and the other parts of the world by allowing immigration, and bringing new trainers in. Even so, it's easy to speculate based on how the professors interact with the player and how much others NPC's give information about the impact they had caused on their regions. 

References:

  • Web retrieved: Bulbapedia, Seventh Generation of Pokemon Games - http://bulbapedia.bulbagarden.net/wiki/Generation_VII
  • Web retrieved: Bulbapedia, Alola - http://bulbapedia.bulbagarden.net/wiki/Alola
  • Web retrieved: Bulbapedia - Professor Elm, http://bulbapedia.bulbagarden.net/wiki/Professor_Elm
  • Web retrieved: Wikipedia, Technocracy - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Technocracy
  • Web retrieved: Bulbapedia - Pokemon Battle Royal, http://bulbapedia.bulbagarden.net/wiki/Battle_Royal

Monday, January 2, 2017

Evolutionary Traits in Pokemon -Polymorphism- Part Two

Alolan Rattata
(1/2/2017) --- One thing I found interesting about Pokemon Sun & Moon, is that it offers finally an introduction to the concept of polymorphism to explain the differences in variation of the species among the world.

To understand the Pokemon World (Bulbapedia - Pokemon World) we have to understand a world that is extremely similar to Earth, we can even debate towards if this world could be concentrated in the String Theory of an infinite set of universe in which a world, through evolutionary means developed fantastic creatures (Supestring Theory Website - Basics).

Now, if we situate in this hypothetical universe, that is similar to our own, with a similar planet, similar nature laws and in a place where we can see variations of the same species, as well subspecies, now to understand the game franchise story will know that each game is set in different regions, within each regions there are a set of Pokemons that are exclusively to those regions, but overall within those regions the player never see variants of Generation 1 & 2; such as Meowth or Rattata.

The regions that are mentioned are Kanto, Johto, Hoenn, Sinnoh Unova and Kalos. Those regions could be considered part of one vast continent that contains a similar number of Pokemon that could travel freely and always face a similar variances on the regions micro-climates, dietary needs and human impact. In theory, there aren't any variants of Pokemons towards these lands, because they could be considered one and the same.

Alola Region
Now we have a land, Alola which comes with the Seventh Generation (Bulbapedia - Seventh Generation), what is fantastic about this generation is that it's the first Pokemon game that offer an insigth towards the concept of polymorphism (Encyclopedia Britannica), species invasion in a foreign ecosystem as well biological adaptation.

We are going to focus more entries on this topic, so far we are just going to go within the genetic variations of Pokemon's found in Alola versus the ones found in Kanto and the surrounding regions.

Alolan Meowth
Sometimes within adaptation of species, there are minor differences between what the morphology of the body; but, if we take a discontinuous genetic variation divides individuals of a single population into two or more distinct forms such as the case of Meowth (Bulbapedia - Meowth)

What is fantastic about Alolan Meowth is that is almost a different species of the same cat-like creature; there are some common morphological traits but on an learning level and we can add genetic makeup they differ between each other vastly.

How two creatures evolved differently goes into the phenotype, similar as how dogs were transformed over the course of 20 thousand years, just to give a short estimate (Genome Sequencing Highlights of the Dynamic Early History of Dogs) but in the case of Meowth the adaptability trait came as an invasive species that mimic the feral cat problematic in Hawaii.

The similarities between Meowth in Alola and cats in Hawaii are actually quite remarkable, as in the game lore the Meowths' were introduced from the Kanto region and became an invasive species on the Alola region, much as the cats were brought by the Europeans to act as guardians of the plantation against local pest (Hawaii Invasive Species Council)

The Meowths eventually on an estimate course of hundred years invaded all the archipelago and because of the human interaction and impact, they eventually went feral after the overpopulation and lack of control to retain the species from proliferating. Opposite to the Kanto region is that Meowth in Alola is a Dark type Pokemon opposite to a Normal Type, in which the adaptation is mostly related to the biological rhythm in which the Meowth as well Persian operates .

Alolan Persian
An aspect I found interesting is that Alolan Persian actually looks closely to a caricature version of a Persian, rather than a Siamese Cat that was common during the first six generations of the game. It probably came at the end as a way to add a more precise look to the character; but still it looks as a cross between two different cats.

References:

  1. Web retrieved: Bulbapedia - Pokemon World -http://bulbapedia.bulbagarden.net/wiki/Pok%C3%A9mon_world
  2. Web retrieved: String Theory Homepage -http://superstringtheory.com/basics/index.html
  3. Web retrieved: Bulbapedia - Generation Seventh -http://bulbapedia.bulbagarden.net/wiki/Generation_VII
  4. Web retrieved: Encyclopedia Britannica - Polymorphism - https://www.britannica.com/science/polymorphism-biology
  5. Web retrieved: Bulbapedia -Meowth - http://bulbapedia.bulbagarden.net/wiki/Meowth_(Pok%C3%A9mon)
  6. Web retrieved: Genome Sequencing Highlight the Dynamic Early History of Dogs, Freedman, Adam - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3894170/
  7. Web retrieved: Hawaii Invasive Species Council - http://dlnr.hawaii.gov/hisc/info/invasive-species-profiles/feral-cats/

Friday, December 30, 2016

Yuri on Ice - A Short Essay on the Evolution on Sexual Identity on the Animation World

Victor and Yuri
(12/30/2016) --- There is something interesting about the use of allegories but also the use of socio-political and economical situations towards the world of animation in order to tell stories that are happening around the times of the authors and developers.

Thanks as service such as Crunchyroll (homepage) individuals around the world who enjoy Japanese animation can have for free, albeit some restrictions apply to watch new content without violating content creation and copyright laws around the world. Because of Crunchyroll.com many of us we could saw on 2016 an anime named Yuri on Ice (Wikipedia) the diaspora of people with interest around the world got unified (McLelland, 2005) through the use of Web 2.0 (International Journal of Instruction).

Albeit we can see Yuri on Ice (Homepage) between the Bara and Yaoi genres of animation, it goes mostly into a different category as it deals with the relations between people of the same genre and emotional development between the characters under different social settings. Yuri on Ice, takes the romance on a level that is barely seen on a cartoon, as the characters tend to have deep towards their egos and id, instead of being archetypal cliches of what they represent.

Yuri K
There is still some grounds that need to be broken, as there wasn't a proper realistic approach towards the relationship development between Yuri and Victor as a couple, and their interactions between mentor and protegee; it was rather quite charming and innocent. Who we are to critique the portrayal, as it was actually quite interesting to see something as nice in an era where social media has dictated the norms of how relationships and sex are interlocked (Huang, 2014)

On certain moments in the course of the season, technology is shown as a catalysis of how the characters interact with each other. Some characters use a version of Instagram in which they try to boost their image through sex as well some shameless self-promotion such as the case of Christophe Giacometti in Episode 10 which him an Victor essentially posed in seductive poses to please their social media following.

Albeit the example that sex sells, in order to boost an image; as we can see in the "real world" there is a problematic of over glorification of the body, it will always attract for better or for worse at the moment the consumers would seek satisfaction into seeking an ideal that is impossible to reach, mostly because of their idols.

Even so with the consequence of over glorification of sex, there are nefarious consequence among the youth, mostly being the black and Latinos; but, there is the possibility of not only spreading awareness as also creating campaigns in which social media can promote the message of self-testing. Is a campaign that is relative new, it happened on Los Angeles in 2014 where applications as Grindr offered an affiliated option to know your status (Free HIV Self-Test).

Exchanging Rings in La Sagrada Familia
The moment that made this anime a different one from many others, is on Episode 10 (Yuri on Ice - Wikia) in which the exchange of rings at first it was taken in a naive way, being an act of impulse from Yuri to secure Victor side, albeit to Victor and the other friends who were competing they saw it as engagement.

It is need to understand that towards the laws on Japan and Russia, there are no recognition of same sex marriages and there are punishments if the unions dare to take place. There has been some municipalities around Japan such as Shibuya and some cities around Okinawa, in which the same sex partnerships offer some benefits of marriage (Wikipedia).

The evolution goes that even if there has been other LGBT characters for decades in the anime world, there hasn't been a scene as this one, a sincere as the one on Episode Ten and how the characters developed into having a relationship.

References:

  • Web retrieved: Chruchyroll.com - Yuri on Ice - http://www.crunchyroll.com/yuri-on-ice
  • The World of Yaoi: The Internet, Censorship and the Global Boys Love Fandom McLelland, Mark 2005
  • International Journal of Instruction, v9 n1 p179-194 Jan 2016. 16 pp.
  • Web retrieved: Yuri on Ice - Japanese: http://yurionice.com/en/
  • Using Grindr, a Smartphone Social-Networking Application, to Increase HIV Self-Testing Among Black and Latino Men Who Have Sex With Men in Los Angeles, 2014. Emily, Huang -2014
  • Web retrieved: http://freehivselftests.weebly.com/
  • Web retrieved: Episode 10 - Yuri on Ice Wikia: http://yurionice.wikia.com/wiki/Skate_10_-_Gotta_Supercharge_it!_Pre-Grand_Prix_Final_Special!
  • Web retrieved: Wikipedia - Same Sex Marriage in Japan

Monday, December 19, 2016

Evolutionary Traits in Pokemon - Part One

(12/18/2016) --- I been getting a lot of interest in playing Pokemon again, it is a different experience playing the game as a child versus being an adult. There are really details that are difficult to appreciate when you are younger such as a history that seems to encompass a world filled in a war, a mass extinction event as well the reconstruction of as society that seems to be shattered after a world collapsed.

Caterpie's Fighting
The most interesting aspects of the game franchise itself, shows the decline of the ecosystem, assuming that Pokemon takes in an alternative timeline of our own world there are no varieties within the species; but, also it gives information that Pokemon took shelter during the formation of Earth and were a minor part of the ecosystem.

There is some contradictions between the difference generations towards if animals from our world really exist? Or at least play an important part on the ecosystem balance of the Pokemon World.

Vespiqueen Attack Order
 There are some mentions towards Generation One games, such as the entry of Gastly in FireRed on the Pokedex in which is mentioned that he can engulf a large Indian Elephant (Bulbapedia - Gastly) or as Vespiqueen Attack Order (Bulbapedia - Vespiqueen) in which it involve real bees.

Besides a few scattered pieces of information, the mentioning of animals in the Pokemon World is almost non-existent as if they went extinct on a major level scale event, or as if they were assimilated by the organism that eventually become Pokemon.

Why I am not considering Pokemon as if the were an analogue of animals found in our own ecosystems? And, even so that we see daily? Because, there aren't enough varieties or variations of the species; and their behaviors lack of complex social interaction between the same species and cross-generational species. Pokemon's themselves also seem to be knowledgeable towards human language, even so if there could be placed a pragmatic theory towards a generic form of language that could cross between different species (Tessler & Goodman 2016)

Evolving into a Butterfree
After, the understanding of the language that could barrier the different geographical locations, we could assume that beyond verbal commands Pokemon's towards what attack or "trick" their handlers or trainers would like them to use, kinesiology could be the main factor for the Pokemon to understand their trainers.

The communicational aspect that could be lost is whenever there is an evolution trigger event, in which there could be a reconstruction of the neural system inside the Pokemon brain; yet, the idea of adaptability as well developing new neural connections could represent a problem towards the training of the beast, as not all Pokemon's have solid bodies or proper learning organs, lets take a look again on Gastly.

Gastly
 As many monsters in the game Gastly entire existence is composed of an ethereal body, and even if we go further in the series we can even see on Generation Seven that Gastly and his subsequent forms such as Hunter and Gengar, and other Ghost type Pokemon were human once.

Leading the theory, that what is Pokemon, could be just a mere biological agent that mutated over the millenniums and infected everything on the planet, we can even joke as the influenza virus (INCOB, 2016) but as well it could had reached other galaxies, for the reasons that many on the Pokemon World speculate that their life originated on outer space.

The idea of a virus that essentially manipulated the DNA of every organic being and almost every inorganic compound it is quite macabre, it could be the form of adaptation in which Pokemon's as a series of micro-organism survived and adapted to the conditions of almost every planet they landed (Bulbapedia - Deoxys)

Deoxys itself could be placed as a catalyst in the destabilization of the enviroment of the planet due the unstable DNA that carries; even so, that trait seems to be natural on all the Pokemon's due the evolution  factor in which they change forms; albeit, it can be more reoccurring in others such as Mew and Eevee, just to name two of the many. Probably Eevee the most, as as single handle creature can modify his DNA from the scratch if his exposed to the proper Stones in order to trigger the change and obtain the desired form.  

References


  1. Web retrieved: Bulbapedia - History of the Pokemon World - http://bulbapedia.bulbagarden.net/wiki/History_of_the_Pok%C3%A9mon_world
  2. Web retrieved: Bulbapedia - Gastly Entry - http://bulbapedia.bulbagarden.net/wiki/Gastly_(Pok%C3%A9mon)
  3. Web retrieved: Bulbapedia - Vespiqueen - http://bulbapedia.bulbagarden.net/wiki/Vespiquen_(Pok%C3%A9mon)
  4. A Pragmatic Theory of Language. Tessler, Michael & Goodman, Noah. Stanford University - 2016
  5. Rules of co-Occurring mutations characterize the antigenic evolution of human influenza. Chen Haifen. 2016 
  6. Web retrived: Bulbapedia - http://bulbapedia.bulbagarden.net/wiki/Deoxys_(Pok%C3%A9mon)

Friday, December 16, 2016

The History that Can Be Found in Pokemon - Part One

Lunar Landing
(12/16/2016) --- It was a while since I played first generation games of Pokemon, in fact it could be almost 13 years since I played any of the first, second and third generation games. They simply lost the appeal due certain circumstances about moving to another country and re-starting my life from zero.

I still played the newer games with the exception of Sun & Moon, and Alpha & Omega (which I plan to buy eventually) as time passed, I felt the itch about playing the games again and after losing my original cartridges; mostly after being kicked out due my identity and sexuality, I didn't mind buying Pokemon Yellow on the Virtual Console and re-start playing generation one (Wikipedia - Pokemon Red)

Pika Intro Screen
It is totally a different experience play the game as an adult than as a 13 years old adolescence, there are some details you can ignore quite easily when you are young versus whenever you revise the game.

What I found fascinating is that the game itself is placed on planet that could be Earth, even there are some hints that the game is set on a post-apocalyptic alien invasion that happened probably after the Apollo 11 mission (Wikipedia, Apollo 11) but the process took thousands and even millions of years (Wojcik, 2013) such as 65 millions ago that can be situated in the Paleocene (Wikipedia, Paleocene).

Albeit what it really got my attention are the little pop culture references centered around the many games, but it is the one towards found in Generation 1 that gave the clue about the timeline and some history of the Pokemon World that could be placed on an alternate Earth, as on the first image the old man in the Pewter City Museum gives the date July 20 of 1969 which is the date of the Apollo 11 lunar landing.

Space Shuttle Columbia
Inside the games' lore, we can see that in Generation 1 there are mentions of space travel which subsequently became part of the mythos; but finding inside the Space Shuttle Columbia scale model (Wikipedia, Space Shuttle Columbia) inside the space exhibition we can set that the games are around 1996 to 1998; but before 2003 as there are no mentions of any incident towards the Columbia.

The idea itself about the evolutionary traits and origin of the species is debated through the entire series of games as well in the anime; but always space seems to be the center of a sub-context on the game mythos; and it is actually quite appealing, due the reasons it give the idea that Pokemon are from outer space; as there are no signs of biological life that started on that world but rather one that was an invasive species, who slowly during the eons assimilated and grow to create an extinction event within the game story.

References:

  1. Web retrieved:  Wikipedia - Pokemon Red and Blue - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pok%C3%A9mon_Red_and_Blue (1996)
  2. Web retrieved: Wikipedia - Apollo 11 - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apollo_11
  3. Web retrieved: Craked.com ; 4 Reasons Pokemon is the Scariest Alien Invasion Story Ever, Wojcik, Jonathan - http://www.cracked.com/quick-fixes/4-reasons-pokemon-scariest-alien-invasion-story-ever/ 2013
  4. Web retrieved:  Wikipedia - Paleocene ; https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paleocene
  5. Web retrieved: